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Sproston I DD-173 - History

Sproston I DD-173 - History



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Sproston I DD-173

Sproston I(DD-173: dp. 1,191; 1. 310', b. 30'11; dr 9'2s. 33+ k.; cpl. 122; a. 4 4, 2 3, 12 21 tt.; cl Wickes)The first Sproston (DD-173) was laid down on 20 April 1918 by Union Iron Works, San Francisco, Calif.; launched on 10 August 1918; sponsored by Mrs. George J. Dennis; and commissioned on 12 July 1919. Sproston sailed to Hawaii and was assigned to the Pacific Fleet in the fall of 1919. On 17 July 1920, the ship was reclassified from a destroyer to a Light Minelayer (DM-13) and continued operating at Pearl Harbor until 1922. On 15 August 1922, Sproston was decommissioned there and attached to the reserve fleet. She was struck from the Navy list on 1 December 1936 and sunk as a target.


SPROSTON DD 577

This section lists the names and designations that the ship had during its lifetime. The list is in chronological order.

    Fletcher Class Destroyer
    Keel Laid 1 April 1942 - Launched 31 August 1942

Naval Covers

This section lists active links to the pages displaying covers associated with the ship. There should be a separate set of pages for each name of the ship (for example, Bushnell AG-32 / Sumner AGS-5 are different names for the same ship so there should be one set of pages for Bushnell and one set for Sumner). Covers should be presented in chronological order (or as best as can be determined).

Since a ship may have many covers, they may be split among many pages so it doesn't take forever for the pages to load. Each page link should be accompanied by a date range for covers on that page.

Postmarks

This section lists examples of the postmarks used by the ship. There should be a separate set of postmarks for each name and/or commissioning period. Within each set, the postmarks should be listed in order of their classification type. If more than one postmark has the same classification, then they should be further sorted by date of earliest known usage.

A postmark should not be included unless accompanied by a close-up image and/or an image of a cover showing that postmark. Date ranges MUST be based ONLY ON COVERS IN THE MUSEUM and are expected to change as more covers are added.
 
>>> If you have a better example for any of the postmarks, please feel free to replace the existing example.


World War II Database

This introduction to World War II is a series of relatively short articles aimed at introducing WW2 to those who might not be familiar with it. It is broken down into five sections:

The goal of this section is to lay out a general overview of WW2 so that the articles on the World War II Database website could be read in better context.

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Visitor Submitted Comments

1. tom says:
21 Apr 2008 12:47:42 PM

i am doing research for a fiction piece ( novel ) i am working on. do anybody know a source of information on warships that were homebased in Norfolk / Hampton Roads during WW II.

2. Allan says:
27 Apr 2008 05:33:02 PM

does anybody know at wars end what was the approx. effective size of the german army division strength wise.

3. Silvio Comenho says:
20 Sep 2008 05:26:53 AM

Very good website, but I found no reference to the Brazilian Army (FEB) and Air Force (FAB). Brazil declared war to the Reich on August 22 1942 and was the only Latin American country to fight against the germans, sending troops to Italy and fighting alongside with the American Army and the USAAF (350th fighter group). References
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brazilian_Expeditionary_Force and http://www.sentapua.com.br/ (portugese and English). Silvio Comenho

4. Anonymous says:
20 Oct 2008 07:25:03 AM

wow this is ver interesting to know whta they had to go through thats crzy

5. Anonymous says:
15 Jan 2009 09:47:04 PM

My dad was in the 81st Inf. in WW2, he is now 101 years old and can still remember the islands he fought on. I am sending him some photos from this site,I have some of his photos he took on different islands in the Pacific, if you are intresterd I could send them to you.

6. allan says says:
10 Feb 2009 08:08:28 AM

No. And I doubt anyone could supply that information. A decimated army doesn't comprise of 'divisions' but more 'scattered collections' of men and arms. The only divisions remaining intact at the wars end where in Norway, Channel Islands etc and they comprised of the unfit, the unwell, the recalcitrant and others. You need to be more specific with the question - i.e. on which 'front' in which 'country etc etc etc. Alas.

7. Anonymous says:
13 Mar 2009 05:52:14 AM

September 1st
Germany invaded Poland. First use of Blitzkrieg. Britain and France gave Germany an ultimatum to get out. Blackout and evacuation plans were put in place in Britain.

September 2nd Chamberlain sent Hitler an ultimatum: withdraw German troops from Poland or war will be declared.
The Luftwaffe gained air superiority over the Polish air force.

September 3rd
Germany ignored the ultimatum and Britain and France declared war on Germany. British troops (the BEF) were sent to France.

The passenger liner "Athenia" was sunk by U-30 off of Ireland. 112 of the passengers were killed.

September 4th The RAF raided German warships based in the Heligoland Bight.
September 6th South Africa declared war on Germany Egypt broke off relations with Germany,
September 9th The IV Panzer Division reached Warsaw.
September 17th Russia's Red Army attacked Poland from the east
September 24th 1,150 German aircraft bombed Warsaw
September 26th The Luftwaffe attacked the Royal Navy at Scapa Flow.
September 27th
Poland surrendered to Germany.

October 6th Last Polish troops ceased fighting. Hitler launched his "Peace Offensive" but this was rejected by Neville Chamberlain
October 14th 'HMS Royal Oak' is torpedoed at Scapa Flow by U-47
November 30th Russia's Red Army invaded Finland
December 13th The Battle of the River Plate was fought
December 14th Russia expelled from the League of Nations

8. Anonymous says:
13 Mar 2009 01:16:58 PM

I thought an Admiral and the Founder of the Naval War College Foundation and should be included in the WW II database.

Rear Admiral Richard W. Bates was born in San Francisco, California, on January 16, 1892, to Henry Lester and Helen Rixon Bates. He was appointed to the United States Naval Academy from the Third District, California, in 1911 and graduated in the Class of 1915. His first duty assignment was on board the USS YORKTOWN (GBT-1) stationed in Central American waters. From YORKTOWN he went to the USS CINCINNATI (C-7), operating on the east coast of South America, where he served as Executive Officer until 1918. He was Executive Officer in the USS SPROSTON (DD-173), 1919-1920.

In 1920 Bates attended the Naval Post Graduate School in Annapolis, Maryland. The following year found him at Columbia University, studying electrical propulsion of ships. Awarded a Master of Science degree in June 1922, he continued instruction in electrical engineering at General Electric, Schenectady, New York, and Westinghouse Electric, East Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. This was followed by duty as the Electrical Officer in the USS MARYLAND (BB-46), 1922-1925 assistant in engineering at the Post Graduate School, 1925-1927, and Engineering Officer in the USS RICHMOND (CL-9), 1927-1930.

In the decade before America’s entry into the Second World War, Rear Admiral Bates saw duty with the Hydrographic Office, Honolulu and as Commander of the Naval Station, Honolulu Commanding Officer of the destroyer, USS BUCHANAN (DD-131), the oil tanker, RAMAPO (AO-12), the destroyers USS LONG (DD-209), and USS CLARK (DD-361), flagship of Destroyer Squadron Three, Battle Force.

When the war broke out, Bates was a student at the Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island. He continued at the College as a member of the staff until 1943 when he took command of the cruiser USS MINNEAPOLIS (CA-36). Under his command the ship engaged in the bombardment of Wake Island, participated in the invasion of the Gilbert Islands and sank the Japanese light cruiser KATORI off Truk in April 1944.

During May-August 1944, Bates was on the staff of the Commander in Chief Pacific Fleet. In September he served with the Commander Cruiser Division Four as Chief of Staff of the Bombardment, Fire Support and associated groups of the Seventh Fleet during the Philippine Islands campaign. December found him Chief of Staff and Aide to Commander Battleship Division Two and involved in the Lingayen-Luzon and Okinawa operations. This was followed in May 1945 by his appointment as Commander of the Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron, Pacific Fleet and in December of the same year with appointment as Chief of Staff to Commander, Philippine Sea Frontier.

Bates returned to the Naval War College in 1946 as Head of the Department of Research and Analysis which was tasked with studying Second World War naval battles. Retired in 1949, he remained with the College, continuing his battle analyses in charge of what now had become the World War II Battle Evaluation Group. Although the work was not completed, the project was terminated in 1958.

In 1969 Bates was appointed Vice President of the newly formed Naval War College Foundation, Inc., a private, non-profit association founded to support College programs not covered by appropriated funding. He was elected president in 1972, serving in that capacity until his death on December 27, 1973.

Chronology of Naval Service

1911 Appointed to U.S. Naval Academy from Third District, California.

1915 Graduated from USNA and commissioned Ensign, USN.
USS OHIO (BB-12) and USS MARYLAND (ACR-8).

1919 USS CINCINNATI, (C-7), Executive Officer.
CUBA (Cuban gunboat), Gunnery Instructor.

1919-1920 USS SPROSTON (DD-173), Executive Officer.

1920 Promoted to Lieutenant.

1920-1921 Post Graduate School, Annapolis, MD, student.

1922 Columbia University, student.
General Electric Co., Schenectady, NY.
Westinghouse Electric, East Pittsburgh, PA.

1922-1925 USS MARYLAND (BB-46), Electrical Officer.

1925-1927 Post Graduate School, Annapolis, MD, staff.

1927 USS RICHMOND (CL-9), Engineer Officer.

1930-1932 Naval Station, Honolulu, Hawaii, Officer in Charge, Hydrographic Office Aide to Commandant Fourteenth Naval District Permanent Senior Patrol Officer.

1932-1933 USS BUCHANAN (DD-131), Commanding Officer.

1933-1934 USS RAMAPO (ATO-12), Commanding Officer and Executive Officer.

1934-1935 USS LONG (DD-201), Commanding Officer.

1935-1938 Bureau of Engineering, Washington, DC.

1938-1940 USS CLARK (DD-361), Commanding Officer.

1940-1941 Naval War College, Senior Class.

1941 Promoted to Captain.
Naval War College, Head, Department of Strategy.

1943 USS MINNEAPOLIS, Commanding Officer.
Promoted to Commodore.

1944 Commander in Chief, Pacific Fleet, staff.
Bombardment, Fire Support & Associated Groups, Seventh Fleet, Chief of Staff.

1944-1945 Commander, Battle Division Two, Chief of Staff and Aide.

1945 Motor Torpedo Boat Squadrons, Pacific Fleet, Commander.

1945-1946 Commander Philippine Sea Frontier, Chief of Staff.

1946-1949 Naval War College, staff.

1947 Reverted to rank of Captain.

1949 Retired. Promoted to Rear Admiral on retired list.

1949-1958 World War II Battle Evaluation Group, Naval War College, Newport, RI.

1969-1973 Naval War College Foundation, Inc., Vice President and President.

1973 Died, Newport, RI, December 27.

9. ronnie kelly says:
6 Nov 2009 04:00:10 PM

My late father was on the uss portunus agp-4. Where can I find info on this ship and maybe a ships roster?

10. DAVID BARBRER says:
17 Dec 2009 03:35:00 AM

can ibe put on your mailing list please

11. Marichal Claude says:
18 Dec 2009 05:08:10 AM

Cherche photos des Cantons de l'Est,Malmedy,St.Vith,Faymonville,Elsenborn.

12. Jim Dolbow says:
4 Apr 2010 06:10:56 AM

here's a brief history of the USS Portunus:

13. Ra2 Ilaitia Balenaivalu says:
10 May 2010 10:10:10 PM

I'am working on an assignment and i find this website very interesting.And also needing help.Describe the steps taken by some pacific islands as soldiers to support the allied powers and the problems faced by them as pacific soldiers? if anyone cud help me plis email me on [email protected]
and overoll thank's for keeping history alive.

14. Janice says:
3 Aug 2010 10:22:55 AM

Please advise where to start, I know my dad was in WW2 in the navy. My brother, and I would like to know which ship. Thanks

15. Ayschel says:
15 Sep 2010 02:11:35 AM

I had visit your website just a couple of weeks ago, and everytime I use the computer, i visit it and read every available article above.
I was fascinated by the world's most destructive war on the history of mankin-World War II.
And I had gain information from books, films, and the internet.
This website help me alot in studying World War II.
Thanks.

16. Zack Kowatch says:
29 Oct 2010 05:55:46 AM

My grandpa was in the WW2. He was on an air craft carer.

17. VEWenneker says:
11 Nov 2010 05:56:16 PM

For all of you looking to find the ships your fathers and grandfathers were aboard during World War II, you must first contact the NATIONAL MILITARY PERSONNEL RECORDS CENTER on Paige Avenue in St. Louis, Missouri. Please do a GOOGLE and/or another large search engine for their complete address and downloadable facts and forms.

18. matang says:
9 Jan 2011 05:31:59 AM

a useful site for me to complete my research..thanks a lot..

19. prutha says:
16 Jan 2011 03:48:51 AM

there is no proper introduction to world war II

20. W.Groeneveld says:
24 Jan 2011 05:11:44 AM

The Japanese in WWII brought in about three months an area under their control more than twice the area in Europe that the Wehrmacht took ten months!
This difference is too big to explain away with things like bad luck or the wheater.On top of all this S.E.Asia was far more difficult terrain far bigger distances often long distances over sea and a lack of good infrastructure

21. Anonymous says:
21 Feb 2011 01:18:49 PM

Looking for all and any info on the USS Tide AM-125 sunk off the coast of Normandy during D-Day.

22. Anonymous says:
24 May 2011 03:36:32 AM

i want a small intro on WW2 fr my project

23. dr. gebauer says:
27 Jun 2011 06:40:23 PM

Anyone desiring to find out or research a ship's history can use the Naval Historical Center website or "The Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships",( Naval Heritage Command) an on line resource as well.

More interesting is the fact that virtually every American warship and auxilary in WWII had a nickname ( usually awarded by the crew ). Can anyone tell me what American warship had the nickname "USS Tapioka"?? I have a 96 year old veteran in an assisted living facility who can remember the nickname, but not the true name, due to the number of times Tapioka pudding was served in the galley.

24. Fred Leander says:
18 Jul 2011 03:29:42 PM

Hi, there - your overview of Axis and Allies is rather lacking. You should add Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria as Axis partners. All these countries contributed with forces at the Eastern Front.

You should also add Norway as an Allied country. Norway contributed by manning 70 naval vessels fighting under the command of the Royal Navy. Also several squadrons in the RAF. Last, but not the least, a thousand Norwegian merchant ships, manned by 40.000 Norwegian sailors helped supplying the Allied war effort.

25. Liz Maresca says:
24 Jul 2011 05:15:12 PM

can anyone tell me how do I check on any responses to a comment I made about my dad Arnold Maresca on the bunker hill. I do not know how to see if anyone remembers him and has any stories for me about him. thank you [email protected]

26. Phonse Griffiths says:
18 Nov 2011 04:01:45 PM

In 1941 United States President and the Prime Minister of Great Britain met in utmost secret of the coast of Newfoundland and hammered out an eight point declaration called the Atlantic Charter,I am with the Atlantic Charter Foundation,www.atlanticcharter.ca,I am seeking photos and other info I do not have,if you have some things around your home,would greatly appreciate you share them with us to help give this historic meeting the recognition it deserves.

27. Claudia says:
21 Nov 2011 10:05:14 AM

Tapioca is the name of a Brazilian dish. They probably babtized the ship when the US was stationed in Brazil.

28. AFDoc says:
8 Jan 2012 01:57:04 PM

I am looking for information regarding a database of CBI Blood chits.. My father-in-law was a pilot Flying Tigers his blood chit number was 7763 how can I varify this and look up any information about him using the blood chit number?

29. yogscast is awesome says:
2 Feb 2012 09:52:33 AM

i think World War 2 is vry enterestig.
The origins of the Second World War are generally viewed as being traced back to the First World War (1914-1918). In that war Germany under the ultra-nationalistic Kaiser Wilhelm II along with its allies, had been defeated by a combination of the United Kingdom, United States, France, Russia and others.

The war was directly blamed by the victors on the miltant nationalism of the Kaiser's Germany it was Germany that effectively started the war with an attack on France through Belgium.

France, which had suffered a previous defeat at the hands of Prussia (a state that merged one year later with others to form Germany) in the Franco-Prussian War in 1870, demanded revenge for its financial devastation during the First World War (and its humiliation in the earlier war) ensured that the various peace treaties, specifically the Treaty of Versailles imposed tough financial reparations and restrictions on Germany.

A New Republic
A new democratic German republic, known as the Weimar Republic, came into being. After some success it was hit by hyperinflation and other serious economic problems.

Right wing nationalist elements under a variety of movements, but most notably the Nazi Party of Adolf Hitler, sought to blame Germany's "humiliating" status on the harshness of the post-war settlement, on the weakness of democratic government, and on the Jews, whom it claimed possessed a financial stranglehold on Germany.

Hitler was appointed Reichskanzler (Chancellor) on January 30, 1933, by the aged President von Hindenburg.

Hitler's government exercised much of its power through the special emergency powers possessed by the President under the constitution. thanks, and hey go to youtube and yogscast minecraft.

30. Anonymous says:
21 Mar 2012 10:43:19 AM

Does anyone have info on the Yugoslavian Youth who were brutal SS. My Grandfather, a Holocaust survivor called them the "Horvatian Youth"

31. David MacFarlane says:
27 Feb 2013 02:51:41 AM

My late father served in Madagascar in 1942(Op IRONCLAD. Why was no Campaign Medal ever awarded for this action?

32. Anonymous says:
22 Jul 2013 11:23:48 AM

I jst found out Pappy Boyington was flyin from the aistrip my dad was a airplane metalsmith "AM2" for. I have a lot to share and alot of pictures that might be someone you're just looking for . I have a flag I sure would like the names translated . It is not the common luck flag the enemy troops carried.It is something else. I need aome help. Will help anyone in return. Thank you - "pround son of south pacific WW2 Veteran"

33. Anonymous says:
19 Oct 2013 09:37:19 PM

Not a comment but need help. My father was taken POW in the Philippians and he always told us that he was one of the POW's that built the infamous "Bridge on the River Kwai".
I was wondering if anyone has any information regarding the POW Camp that was responsible for building that bridge?

34. Anonymous says:
20 Apr 2014 04:52:35 PM

I would like to know the name or number of the Japanese POW camp where they built the Bridge on the River Kwai was built. My father was a British Serviceman who helped built that bridge.

35. Jack Johnson says:
24 Apr 2014 09:25:16 AM

My father, Theodore Johnson served on the USS Centaurus - AKA-17 with the Coast Guard during WWII. I do not see this ship listed in your database.

36. Anonymous says:
25 Apr 2014 04:44:42 PM

Trying to do a research essay on woman in the workforce during WWII. Anybody know of any good databases to get info? Having a hard time

37. Mike says:
17 Aug 2014 01:11:50 PM

Great web site. I have been "flipping" articles into a magazine on Flipboard called WW II. Great information and you have done a wonderful job of laying out the facts

38. Anonymous says:
3 Jan 2015 12:34:49 PM

Hi,
Who knows wat type of car this was during WW2
This the registration nr

39. Adaqk47 says:
25 Mar 2015 08:22:11 AM

I have a few P-38 pics of my Dad on Attu in 1944. Can I contribute them to your database, along with information? BTW, this is a great website, thanks!

40. Aki Solomos says:
5 Apr 2015 01:05:34 PM

Hi,
I'm using your site among many others for research about 1940.
Just want to point out a slight error I came across for March 30, 1940 -you listed Churchil as the Prime Minister. He didnt obtain that title until after Chamberlain stepped down on May 10.

Other than that, great website -thanks for all the news & info!
Aki

41. Sue Brooks says:
14 May 2015 10:21:53 AM

http://www.angelfire.com/hi/RedArrowDivision/ww2.html
My husband wrote about his time in WWII and he was in the 32d Red Arrow Division on Luzon PI 127th inf. he was a staff sarg. He was awarded the combat infantry badge, the DSC, Bronze Star edal w/ oak leaf cluster with V device, Purple Heart w/ oak leaf cluster. It wasn't a pleasant war for him. He made sure his sons new that it wasn't something to do. "Don't let them get you" and if you have to go go as an Officer. 90% of the military is book keeping and supplies but if your unlucky enough to get into the fighting part it is a real mess. Most were Killed or wounded in their 1st minutes of combat and never really saw much to see or even remember." He talked about it (the War) every day )

42. arandila jonathan says:
6 Jan 2016 07:09:57 PM

i want to see a yamashita treasure map in south cotabato philippine's plssss help me becose i'm por

43. Anonymous says:
1 Sep 2016 01:44:19 AM

there are many aeroplane crashed during WW2 in Papua New Guinea, can you kindly show me maps of all crash site between tufi to morobe

44. Mike says:
18 Sep 2016 11:40:49 AM

Please correct the statement that in 1841 the United Kingdom leased Hong Kong Island, Kowloon Peninsula, and surrounding land from China.
This statement is incorrect, Great Britain had Hong Kong island and Kawloon handed to them in perpetuity
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Nanking
There was no legal reason to hand them back to China, apart from Thatcher selling the Hong Kong people out to China

45. George says:
24 Jan 2017 07:52:15 PM

I am researching any photos and information about Campo 98 on Sicily during WWII. My father and uncle were captured at Longstop Hill with the 18th Inf. Reg. A Co and transported first to this Italian POW camp. Looking for any and all information.

46. Anonymous says:
15 Mar 2017 09:51:13 AM

47. Ignacio says:
28 Mar 2017 10:32:04 AM

From Spain, I love this web, fantastic job.

48. Gordon Norris says:
15 Apr 2017 10:38:07 PM

If anyone has a list of the crew members of HMS Victorious for the late WW2 period I should be grateful to receive any and all information concerning my father Ernest Gordon Norris. His rank was petty officer and his role was radar/ASDIC.
Thanks
Gordon Norris

49. Anonymous says:
24 Oct 2017 03:15:29 AM

Good sources about the costliest
war,in human history.

50. Anonymous says:
31 Oct 2017 12:45:26 PM

ensign raymond maynard uss Lexington mia feb 1945 any info

51. Anonymous says:
27 Apr 2018 04:54:44 AM

If anybody has any information about how German people's normal and political life please send it to my E-mail [email protected] Thanks!!

52. Anonymous says:
26 Sep 2018 08:22:42 AM

I have been given a collection of about 2000 ww2 4x5 photos and rolls of negatives, also in 4x5. My grandfather was in the war and his best freind was in the photo corps. He made dupes of many of the rolls they developed and gave them to my Grandpa after the war. Is there a reputable place to have them scanned and placed in an archive. I enjoy having them but they are a part of history.

53. hal johnson says:
25 Jan 2019 04:14:59 PM

looking for info on a uncle who went down over Italy in 1943 mia last name possibility watson

54. Tom Lee says:
16 Apr 2019 07:51:29 AM

Hello again.
Your page for 16 April 1944 has the following link, regarding the Croix de Guerre citation for the American (later actor) Audie Murphy. The citation was dated in 1945, and posted here in 1944 in error.
Continued many thanks for your fine work.
https://ww2db.com/image.php?image_id=22579

55. C. Peter Chen says:
19 Apr 2019 07:36:25 AM

Tom Lee: Thank you, the correction has been made.

56. Sharinda Thomas says:
2 Nov 2019 08:52:08 AM

I am looking for anyone that served on USS SEAL 183. My grammpa was on this submarine in WWII. His name was Gilliam Archer or he might of went by Curly? Or Gil? I would appreciate any help I can get! If you are a family member of someone that served with my grampa I would love to hear from you!!

57. Lee W. says:
21 Dec 2019 08:50:06 AM

My uncle, Monzie “Red” Poirot, was a Gunner’s Mate on the USS Iowa during WW2.
In some old family photos I found the menu for the 1944 Christmas dinner that was served to the crew. One side is the menu and the other side is a track chart showing the Iowa’s location in the South Pacific on certain dates. I can make a copy if you would to use it in the Iowa’s history.
I enjoy your website very much.
Thank you, Lee W.

58. Vickey Palzor Lepcha says:
31 Dec 2019 03:23:57 AM

This website is a wonderful project - will be useful for ages

59. P. Lynck says:
21 Feb 2020 01:28:06 PM

I am writing a historical novel about the Queen Mary and its history as a troop transport ship. I would be grateful for diary information from any service personnel who were on the Queen Mary. Thank you, P, Lynck

60. EKB says:
17 Apr 2020 12:07:13 PM

How do I find out how much home leave enlisted submariners got during a 60 or 70 day scheduled refit at Mare Island, in early 1945? Needed for a project I am working on. I know that officers got a month's leave, and could bring their families to base housing. But what about enlisted sailors? Thanks. I tried posting this question earlier, and I don't see it, so I am trying again.

61. Marilyn HG says:
28 May 2020 07:58:33 AM

I'm researching two family members who served in the US Navy in WWII. In both cases, looking at the muster rolls for the ships on which they served, it appears that an initial change in rating has (T) after it, e.g., QM3c(T). I assume this means "temporary", in other words an interim step to see if the sailor was capable of his new duties?

62. Anonymous says:
31 Jul 2020 11:11:26 PM

DONDE PUEDO ENCONTRAR LA LISTA DE OFICIALES NAZIS FALLECIDOS EN MINSK EN 1944, OPERACIÓN BRAGATION.

63. chris winchester says:
20 Mar 2021 09:12:53 PM

Which super liner, Queen Mary or Queen Elizabeth sailed to Vancouver BC during WW II

All visitor submitted comments are opinions of those making the submissions and do not reflect views of WW2DB.


Navy Directories & Officer Registers

The "Register of Commissioned and Warrant Officers of the United States Navy and Marine Corps" was published annually from 1815 through at least the 1970s it provided rank, command or station, and occasionally billet until the beginning of World War II when command/station was no longer included. Scanned copies were reviewed and data entered from the mid-1840s through 1922, when more-frequent Navy Directories were available.

The Navy Directory was a publication that provided information on the command, billet, and rank of every active and retired naval officer. Single editions have been found online from January 1915 and March 1918, and then from three to six editions per year from 1923 through 1940 the final edition is from April 1941.

The entries in both series of documents are sometimes cryptic and confusing. They are often inconsistent, even within an edition, with the name of commands this is especially true for aviation squadrons in the 1920s and early 1930s.

Alumni listed at the same command may or may not have had significant interactions they could have shared a stateroom or workspace, stood many hours of watch together… or, especially at the larger commands, they might not have known each other at all. The information provides the opportunity to draw connections that are otherwise invisible, though, and gives a fuller view of the professional experiences of these alumni in Memorial Hall.


--> Bates, Richard W., 1892-1973

Naval officer and autograph collector. Full name: Richard Waller Bates.

From the description of Autograph collection of Richard W. Bates, 1780-1865. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71130906

Rear Admiral Richard W. Bates was born in San Francisco, California, on January 16, 1892, to Henry Lester and Helen Rixon Bates. He was appointed to the United States Naval Academy from the Third District, California, in 1911 and graduated in the Class of 1915. His first duty assignment was on board the USS YORKTOWN (GBT-1) stationed in Central American waters. From YORKTOWN he went to the USS CINCINNATI (C-7), operating on the east coast of South America, where he served as Executive Officer until 1918. He was Executive Officer in the USS SPROSTON (DD-173), 1919-1920.

In 1920 Bates attended the Naval Post Graduate School in Annapolis, Maryland. The following year found him at Columbia University, studying electrical propulsion of ships. Awarded a Master of Science degree in June 1922, he continued instruction in electrical engineering at General Electric, Schenectady, New York, and Westinghouse Electric, East Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. This was followed by duty as the Electrical Officer in the USS MARYLAND (BB-46), 1922-1925 assistant in engineering at the Post Graduate School, 1925-1927, and Engineering Officer in the USS RICHMOND (CL-9), 1927-1930.

In the decade before Americaa's entry into the Second World War, Rear Admiral Bates saw duty with the Hydrographic Office, Honolulu and as Commander of the Naval Station, Honolulu Commanding Officer of the destroyer, USS BUCHANAN (DD-131), the oil tanker, RAMAPO (AO-12), the destroyers USS LONG (DD-209), and USS CLARK (DD-361), flagship of Destroyer Squadron Three, Battle Force.

When the war broke out, Bates was a student at the Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island. He continued at the College as a member of the staff until 1943 when he took command of the cruiser USS MINNEAPOLIS (CA-36). Under his command the ship engaged in the bombardment of Wake Island, participated in the invasion of the Gilbert Islands and sank the Japanese light cruiser KATORI off Truk in April 1944.

During May-August 1944, Bates was on the staff of the Commander in Chief Pacific Fleet. In September he served with the Commander Cruiser Division Four as Chief of Staff of the Bombardment, Fire Support and associated groups of the Seventh Fleet during the Philippine Islands campaign. December found him Chief of Staff and Aide to Commander Battleship Division Two and involved in the Lingayen-Luzon and Okinawa operations. This was followed in May 1945 by his appointment as Commander of the Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron, Pacific Fleet and in December of the same year with appointment as Chief of Staff to Commander, Philippine Sea Frontier.

Bates returned to the Naval War College in 1946 as Head of the Department of Research and Analysis which was tasked with studying Second World War naval battles. Retired in 1949, he remained with the College, continuing his battle analyses in charge of what now had become the World War II Battle Evaluation Group. Although the work was not completed, the project was terminated in 1958.

In 1969 Bates was appointed Vice President of the newly formed Naval War College Foundation, Inc., a private, non-profit association founded to support College programs not covered by appropriated funding. He was elected president in 1972, serving in that capacity until his death on December 27, 1973.

From the guide to the Richard W. Bates Papers, Bates, Richard W. Papers, 1915-1973, (Naval War College Library, Naval Historical Collection)


Last name: Sproston

This name is of English locational origin from a place thus called in Cheshire. Recorded as Sprostune in the Domesday Book of 1086 and as Sprouston in the 1271 Pipe Rolls of that county, the first element is the Olde English pre 7th Century personal nickname Spro(s)t from "sprot", a shoot or sprout, plus "tun", a farm or settlement. Sproughton in Suffolk and Sprowston in Norfolk are named with the same elements. The name is particularly well recorded in Cheshire Church Registers from the mid 16th Century, (see below). --> On February 14th 1617 Robert Sproston and Ellen Seuell were married in Holy Trinity Church, Chester and in 1618 Ralph Sproston of Middlewich appears in "The Wills Records at Chester". The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Anne Sproston, daughter of Hugh Sproston, which was dated April 1543, christened in Nantwich, Cheshire, during the reign of King Henry VIII, Bluff King Hal, 1509 - 1547. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

© Copyright: Name Origin Research 1980 - 2017


Village History

The area that is presently known as Machesney Park was first settled when large areas of Northern Illinois were opened for settlement in the early 1830’s, after the end of the Black Hawk War. When the “township” form of government was first instituted, the majority of what is now known as Machesney Park was located within Harlem Township. The early Dutch settlers chose the name Harlem to remind them of the Netherlands. Early settlers were relatively few in number and farmed large tracts of land.

Residential development began to grow in the early 20th century and started to boom in the 1920’s. During this time, the Harlem Consolidated School District was formed to serve the educational needs of the growing community. One of the community’s symbols in the early days was the Machesney Airport, founded in 1927 by barnstormer/aviator Fred Machesney. The airport was located where the Machesney Park Town Center, formerly the Machesney Park Mall, stands today along the original Main St. which is now N. 2nd St. or IL-251. The airfield was Rockford’s main airport until the 1950s, when the Greater Rockford Airport opened its doors. In 1928, a famous flight from Rockford to Sweden took off from the airport/field. The attempt failed as the two pilots crashed in Greenland, however they were safely rescued after an exhausting search.

Machesney Airport War Training
Cadet Class – Circa 1942

Shortly thereafter, Machesney Field was used by the Army Air Corps during World War II as a stop by fighter aircraft being ferried to the Soviet Union. Also, and just prior to World War II, the old InterUrban rail line north to Beloit was abandoned and became N. 2nd St. it is now also known as Illinois Route 251.

Short Biography – Fred E. Machesney

Fred & Mae Machesney’s home
Located at 8600 N. 2nd St.

At the time, going up in an airplane and flying was considered by most as something only a fool would do. It was a stunt, some thought a stunt which turned into a thriving business venture for Mr. Machesney. The Rockford Area did not know it at the time, but Fred did not come to the area on a barnstorming mission (which he was doing around the country at fairs and cities), he came as an aviator, deliberately selecting this area. Mr. Machesney stayed until he became the owner of the Airport, and established himself firmly among the businessmen of the area as an asset to the community.

Fred and Mae Machesney
Circa 1920’s

Fred became a distributor for Travel All Planes in northern Illinois. He sponsored a “flying club” with 12 members initially, who purchased their own planes and were trained by him and Ralph Swaby. Fred carried over 12,000 passengers and trained over 50 students to fly. Of his 50+ students, 14 made solo flights at the airport, and 3 went on to receive their commercial pilots licenses. When the students graduated from the flight school the average grade was near 93 percent. Instead of Mr. Machesney’s business depending chiefly on a sightseeing passenger trade as it was in the beginning, Fred began to focus around sales and service to the industrial aircraft market.

Post World War II

Harlem High School
Circa 1946

This Machesney Park area of unincorporated Winnebago county saw growth pick up after World War II. This led to the formation of the North Park Public Water District, a volunteer firefighting company, and the first unofficial name for the area. Since the area at the time was still unincorporated it was informally known as, “North Park.”

Located next to the Machesney Airport, and on Illinois Route 251, was a Hires Root Beer stand. It stands out in Machesney Park history for two reasons: it was shaped like a giant barrel of root beer, and on bright sunny days this shape was silhouetted against the flat horizon of the adjacent airport. Machesney Airport closed in 1974, and soon thereafter Hires Root Beer stand did as well. The last known whereabouts of the famous root beer stand were described as: “On the west side of Hwy. 251, north of the mall, under the large powerlines, and in the woods where the cattle feed.” Shortly after the airport’s closing in 󈨎, the Machesney Park Mall was developed.

The mall featured an antique aircraft hanging in the center court, as a respect to Fred Machesney and all he did for aviation and the Machesney Park area. The first stores to open in the mall were Prange Way and Pranges. The two stores were kitty-corner to each other and they built an indoor walkway that allowed patrons to walk between the stores protected from the elements. This indoor walkway also allowed patrons to see the work that was going on in the mall before it was fully complete. The Machesney Park Mall, now the Town Center, currently sits on the former airfield.

The Village of Machesney Park

Machesney Park Mall
Aerial View – 1980s

Citizens began a grass-roots incorporation movement in 1980 to form a Village. They did so in order to ensure better services could be provided to residents, and to prevent adjacent cities from nibbling away at the attractive commercial properties in the area. In the winter of 1981, voters decided in a referendum to form the Village of Machesney Park, and the first Village officers were elected the following spring of 󈨖. The name “Machesney Park” is derived from the Machesney “Rockford” Airport and the area’s original informal name, North Park. (History note: The Machesney Elementary School, which stands across from where the original airport was (now the Town Center), also derives its name from Fred Machesney).

Machesney Park became official, and the newest Village within the State of Illinois, on February 24, 1981. The Village celebrated its 25th year of incorporation in 2006, and now has approximately 23,500 residents. This residential growth has correlated to commercial growth, and the 2006-2007 construction of an interchange ramp at IL-173 and I-90 has truly put the Village “on the map.” This interchange opened the area to interstate traffic and has greatly impacted the continued development of the IL-173 & IL-251 commercial corridor. This area has seen a surge in growth across all arenas, including residential, commercial, and even industrial.

With an outstanding school system in the Harlem School District, the absence of a local property tax, and miles of Rock River frontage, Machesney Park is now one of the most desirable locations in the greater Rockford metropolitan area.


Richard W. Bates papers

Rear Admiral Richard W. Bates was born in San Francisco, California, on January 16, 1892, to Henry Lester and Helen Rixon Bates. He was appointed to the United States Naval Academy from the Third District, California, in 1911 and graduated in the Class of 1915. His first duty assignment was on board the USS YORKTOWN (GBT-1) stationed in Central American waters. From YORKTOWN he went to the USS CINCINNATI (C-7), operating on the east coast of South America, where he served as Executive Officer until 1918. He was Executive Officer in the USS SPROSTON (DD-173), 1919-1920.

In 1920 Bates attended the Naval Post Graduate School in Annapolis, Maryland. The following year found him at Columbia University, studying electrical propulsion of ships. Awarded a Master of Science degree in June 1922, he continued instruction in electrical engineering at General Electric, Schenectady, New York, and Westinghouse Electric, East Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. This was followed by duty as the Electrical Officer in the USS MARYLAND (BB-46), 1922-1925 assistant in engineering at the Post Graduate School, 1925-1927, and Engineering Officer in the USS RICHMOND (CL-9), 1927-1930.

In the decade before Americaa's entry into the Second World War, Rear Admiral Bates saw duty with the Hydrographic Office, Honolulu and as Commander of the Naval Station, Honolulu Commanding Officer of the destroyer, USS BUCHANAN (DD-131), the oil tanker, RAMAPO (AO-12), the destroyers USS LONG (DD-209), and USS CLARK (DD-361), flagship of Destroyer Squadron Three, Battle Force.

When the war broke out, Bates was a student at the Naval War College, Newport, Rhode Island. He continued at the College as a member of the staff until 1943 when he took command of the cruiser USS MINNEAPOLIS (CA-36). Under his command the ship engaged in the bombardment of Wake Island, participated in the invasion of the Gilbert Islands and sank the Japanese light cruiser KATORI off Truk in April 1944.

During May-August 1944, Bates was on the staff of the Commander in Chief Pacific Fleet. In September he served with the Commander Cruiser Division Four as Chief of Staff of the Bombardment, Fire Support and associated groups of the Seventh Fleet during the Philippine Islands campaign. December found him Chief of Staff and Aide to Commander Battleship Division Two and involved in the Lingayen-Luzon and Okinawa operations. This was followed in May 1945 by his appointment as Commander of the Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron, Pacific Fleet and in December of the same year with appointment as Chief of Staff to Commander, Philippine Sea Frontier.

Bates returned to the Naval War College in 1946 as Head of the Department of Research and Analysis which was tasked with studying Second World War naval battles. Retired in 1949, he remained with the College, continuing his battle analyses in charge of what now had become the World War II Battle Evaluation Group. Although the work was not completed, the project was terminated in 1958.

In 1969 Bates was appointed Vice President of the newly formed Naval War College Foundation, Inc., a private, non-profit association founded to support College programs not covered by appropriated funding. He was elected president in 1972, serving in that capacity until his death on December 27, 1973.


Sproston I DD-173 - History

USS SPROSTON DD/DDE577

NOW HEAR THIS-----NEWS FROM AND ABOUT SHIPMATES

Updated December 1st, 2008

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TIME Magazine's Person of the Year nominees - intermixed with images of ordinary citizens - are appearing on the world's largest digital display, framed by TIME's red border. The actual Person of The Year designee will appear on the billboard December 18 and 19, 2005, but until then, the faces of about 50,000 other people will appear. Today, December 16, 2005, the image of USS Sproston Shipmate James R. Marlatt appeared. According to Jim, "I entered a contest and was selected." The thumbnail picture is Jim's image as it appeared at 43rd Street and 7th Avenue in New York. (Click on thumbnail image to see full size)
Sailing into history - News article - CDR Michael Luosey receives Korean Order of Military Merit from Korean President Syngmon Rhee (1951). CDR Lousey was the Commanding Officer aboard the USS Sproston 0ctober 14, 1943-Feb 2, 1946. Left to die - Lester Zook, Lieutenant on the Sproston in the mid 50's was one of only ten survivors of the USS Juneau, sunk during WWII. The Link provided is that of an interview given back when LT Zook was an SM1.
USS Sproston Awards From the Navy Media Center's February 1962 issue of All Hands magazine, pg. 43, "Commander Cruiser-Destroyer Force, Pacific Fleet, Battle Efficiency 'E' for fiscal year 1961" was awarded to the USS Sproston crew as well as the best Gunnery in DESRON 25 squadron award.

Letter regarding asbestos-related cancer of shipmates aboard the USS Sproston shipmates from 1943-1946. (Click on thumbnail image to see full size)

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If you have noteworthy news about USS Sproston History or Shipmates, we encourage you to contact the Webmaster. News is welcome from all Shipmates, Spouses, Siblings, Children, Grandchildren and Friends.


یواس‌اس اسپروستون (دی‌دی-۱۷۳)

یواس‌اس اسپروستون (دی‌دی-۱۷۳) (به انگلیسی: USS Sproston (DD-173) ) یک کشتی بود که طول آن ۳۱۰ ft (94.49 m) بود. این کشتی در سال ۱۹۱۸ ساخته شد.

یواس‌اس اسپروستون (دی‌دی-۱۷۳)
پیشینه
مالک
آب‌اندازی: ۲۰ آوریل ۱۹۱۸
آغاز کار: ۱۰ اوت ۱۹۱۸
اعزام: ۱۲ ژوئیه ۱۹۱۹
مشخصات اصلی
وزن: ۱٬۱۹۱ tons
درازا: ۳۱۰ ft (94.49 m)
پهنا: ۳۰ ft 11 in (9.42 m)
آبخور: ۹ ft 2 in (2.79 m)
سرعت: ۳۵ knots (65 km/h)

این یک مقالهٔ خرد کشتی یا قایق است. می‌توانید با گسترش آن به ویکی‌پدیا کمک کنید.


Watch the video: LCBDD History (August 2022).