History Podcasts

James Trainer

James Trainer

We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

James Trainer was born in Wrexham on 7th January, 1863. He worked as a coachbuilder while playing in goal for Wrexham football club. In a game against Oswestry, Trainer was reported to the Football Association of Wales for making insulting comments to the referee.

Trainer moved to Bolton Wanderers in 1884. His form was so good that he was chosen to play for Wales against Scotland in 1887.

In 1888 Major William Sudell persuaded Trainer to sign for Preston North End. It is claimed that Sudell had been impressed with Trainer's performance when Preston beat Bolton 12-0.

The first season of the Football League began in September, 1888. That season Preston North End won the championship without losing a single match. Trainer did not play in every match and had to share the goalkeeping with fellow Welsh international, Robert Mills-Roberts.

Between 1888 and 1897 Trainer played in 253 games for Preston North End. In retirement he became landlord of the Lamb Hotel in Preston.

James Trainer moved to London to establish an indoor exhibition soccer scheme at London Olympia. The business failed and in died in poverty in 1915.

James Yeager

I am currently the MFCEO of Tactical Response which is our TN based training company.

From July 2004 until May 2005 I was on two Protective Security Details in Baghdad Iraq. Our Team was a Tier Two (Alpha) entity that was responsible for the protection of the 8 Iraqi Election Commissioners during the violent pre-election, election, and post election.

My Team was also in charge of the physical security of their offices at the Interim Iraqi Government Building and we worked closely with the Gurkhan guard force there. My duties included acting as a media liaison, coordinating the security force for the building, coordinating with the security force for the compound (Global Risk and US Army), and coordinating with the two U.S. Army Force Protection groups for the area (82nd ABN). I also assisted with the planning, advances, coordination, and execution of the many meetings, plane rides, helicopter shuttles, conferences, and trips that the 8 commissions took to set up and complete the electoral process.

May 1996 through September 1998 I worked as a Patrolman and K-9 handler for the Big Sandy Police Department. In the fall of 1998 my Chief was elected Sheriff of Benton County. October of 1998 I was asked by Big Sandy Mayor to be the Chief of Police. I held that position until May of 2000 when I was hired as a Deputy at the Benton County Sheriff’s Office. My duties at BCSO included patrol, Tactical Team (SWAT) leader, and trainer for our Multi-Agency Crisis Response Team. September of 2002 I went into private training full-time and was also Vice President of a multi-million dollar tactical gear company until July of 2004. I was the Firearms and Tactics Instructor with the Camden Police Department as well as the Sergeant over the Reserve Unit from 2002 until 2009 when the program ended.

January 1992 through May 1996 I worked with various Drug Task Force units as well as many local Departments’ Narcotics squads buying and selling illegal narcotics in an undercover capacity. My title was “Agent”. These agencies included but were not limited to the 24th Drug Task Force, 23rd D.T.F., 27th D.T.F., Paris Police Department, and Henry County Sheriff’s Department. I was a Henry County Reserve Deputy for some of this time. I made over 300 Narcotics buys and sales during this period.

I have been a firearms trainer since 1994, teaching commercially since 1996, and have taught literally tens of thousands of students with several individuals, tactical teams, and Special Forces teams being successful in lethal force confrontations both domestically and abroad. I have taught all over the United States, Canada, Europe, the Middle East, Central America, South America and Africa. I have extensive experience teaching in austere environments and I am a certified expert witness for firearms, tactical training and use of force.

I am also a professional writer and have been published in magazines such as S.W.A.T. (Staff Writer), Southern Lawman, Concealed Carry Magazine, FMG American Handgunner Special Editions and STUFF. I wrote the foreword for the book “Surgical Speed Shooting” as well as being on the cover of that book. I have written a book on High Risk Civilian Contracting. I have also produced a series of instructional DVDs.

I was featured on the cover of the September 2005 SWAT magazine and the December 2005 and June 2009 issues of SWAT had a full length review of my training. My companies have also been featured in the “Barrett Annual”, “Shotgun News”, “The book of the AR-15”, and several other periodicals. Kiplinger’s financial magazine also did an article on me in the June 2007 issue. I was featured on season one of “SWAT Magazine TV” in January 2010. In 2011 I was on the Discovery Channel show “One Man Army”, was featured on the National Geographic documentary “Snipers Inc”, Student of the Gun”, and I have appeared on “Friends of the NRA TV”. I was on the cover of the 2012 “Combat” magazine by American Handgunner.


  • TN P.O.S.T. Certified to Instruct Firearms #00041S - Retired
  • TN P.O.S.T. Certified to Instruct Less Lethal Munitions #00040S - Retired
  • TN P.O.S.T. Certified to Instruct Chemical Weapons #00042S - Retired
  • TN P.O.S.T. Certified to Instruct Expandable Baton #00043S - Retired
  • TN P.O.S.T. Certified Police Officer and K-9 handler #97276 - Retired
  • Louisiana State Police Firearms Instructor Number #0259
  • F.B.I. Certified Firearms Instructor - Top Graduate Award
  • TN Department of Safety Certified Firearms Instructor (Formerly)
  • FAA Certified to instruct Law Enforcement “Flying Armed” courses
  • A.L.S. Master Instructor (Less Lethal, Flash-bangs, Chemical Weapons)
  • Expandable Baton Instructor – Monadanock
  • Bushmaster Certified Patrol Rifle/Carbine Instructor (Blackwater)
  • Aerosol O.C. Instructor – Fox Labs International
  • Armor Holding - Gas Mask Instructor
  • Armor Holdings - Pyrotechnic Munitions Instructor
  • Armor Holdings - Distraction Device Instructor
  • Armor Holdings – Chemical Weapons Instructor
  • Armor Holdings- Less Lethal Munitions Instructor
  • NRA Certified Handgun Instructor #11973397
  • NRA Personal Protection Instructor #11973397
  • NRA Law Enforcement Patrol Rifle Instructor 44hrs
  • Tom Givens Handgun Instructor Development
  • OPS - Knife Defense Instructor
  • OPS - Advanced Low Light Shooting Instructor Course 40 hour
  • OPS - Advanced Tactical Handgun Instructor Course 40 hour
  • OPS - Handgun Instructor Course 40 hour
  • OPS - Patrol Rifle Instructor Course 40 hour
  • OPS - Shotgun Instructor Course 40 hour
  • John Farnam Advanced Tactical Handgun Instructor Course 20 hour
  • John Farnam Advanced Rifle and Shotgun Instructor Course 24 hour
  • Active Shooter Instructor Course / TTPPA 24 hrs
  • 28 Hour Carbine Instructor / Jim Crews
  • Over 200 hours of Diplomatic Security Service training for Executive Protection from Tony Diebler
  • Scientific Combat Method 20 hour
  • S.D.S.I. Tactical Rifle Course 16 hours
  • Black Water Lodge 32 hour Police and Military Shotgun Course
  • Completed various 40 hour Officer Survival schools
  • Attended Snipercraft 40 hour
  • Jim Crews - Tactical Handgun 20 hour
  • Jeff Gonzalez/Gabe Suarez - Advanced Tactical Handgun 18 hour
  • Tom Givens - High Risk Personnel 16 hour
  • Tom Givens - Crisis Response Team Training 80 hour
  • S.W.A.T. Chief Tom Long - 40 hour
  • D.E.A.- Clandestine Lab Investigations 40 hour
  • Criminal Investigation School 40 hour
  • Patrol Interdiction School 40 hour
  • Basic SWAT - 40 hour Jackson TN SWAT
  • Military Counter Drug SRT course 48 Hour
  • SWAT by Smyrna S.T.O.R.M. Team 40 hour
  • 40 Hr Police Sniper School
  • 40 Hour F.B.I. SWAT course Memphis TN
  • TASER User Certification Course
  • 5 day Strategos Spec-Ops Low-Light Team Tactics 50+ Hours
  • Personal Security Driving Course from Armor Group (I.T.I. in VA)
  • Pat Rogers / E.A.G. Tactical 3-Day Carbine Operators Course
  • Calibre Press Street Survival Seminar 16 hours
  • Glock Professional 2.5 day Instructor Workshop
  • Rogers Shooting School 44 hours - Pistol (Int.) Carbine (Adv.)
  • Surefire Tactical Technology Specialist Course
  • Larry Vickers’ AK Operator Course 16 hours
  • Massad Ayoob 20 hour Legal Use of Force “Rules of Engagement”
  • “Super Dave” Harrington 24-Hour “Combat Speed” course
  • Ken Hackathorn’s “Advanced Pistol” 18 hours
  • Thunder Ranch H.A.R.T. (High Angle Rifle Training) 32hrs
  • “Adaptive Kalash” - Haley Strategic with Travis Haley
  • “Adaptive Handgun” - Haley Strategic with Travis Haley
  • “Adaptive Carbine” Haley Strategic with Travis Haley
  • Combat Focus Pistol - I.C.E Training with Rob Pincus
  • Advanced Pistol Handling - I.C.E Training with Rob Pincus
  • Combat Focus Carbine - I.C.E Training with Rob Pincus
  • ATK/Federal Ammunition – Force on Force Instructor
  • Combative Pistol – Tom Givens of Rangemaster
  • Armorer - Remington 870
  • Armorer - Remington 700
  • Armorer - Bushmaster AR-15
  • Glock Basic and Advanced Armorer
  • "Super Dave" Harrington "Integrated Weapons"
  • Gunsite Scout Rifle Class
  • HRCC "Direct Action"
  • Costa Ludus Carbine Elements 1
  • Costa Ludus Carbine Elements 2
  • Certified Affiliate Instructor for John Farnam Defense Training International
  • Thunder Ranch Combat Shotgun
  • Pat MacNamara T.A.P.S.
  • Super Dave Harrington 4 Day Instructor Course
  • Thunder Ranch Instructor Development
  • Pat MacNamarra Sentinel
  • Greenline Tactical - Nightfighter (Night Vision Operator)
  • Greenline Tactical - DMR/SPR
  • Gunsite 250
  • “The Perfect Storm” w/ Rob Leatham and Clint Smith
  • Urban Rifle (Instructor) w/ John Farnam
  • Red Dot Instructor w/Modern Samurai Project
  • Low Light Handgun - Sentinel Concepts


Jeffries moved with his family from their Ohio farm to Los Angeles, California at age seven. [2] He worked for a while as a boilermaker before going into boxing. [3] In later life, "The Boilermaker" was one of his professional nicknames.

As a powerfully built and athletic teenager, Jeffries boxed as an amateur until age 20, when he started fighting professionally.

In his third fight, Jeffries knocked out the highly regarded boxer Hank Griffin in the fourteenth round. Jack Johnson would subsequently fight Griffin on three separate occasions.

Jeffries fought the top heavyweight contender, Gus Ruhlin, to a draw. Ruhlin was knocked down with a brutal punch at the end of the final round and was saved by the bell from being counted out. The decision was met with unfavorable reactions from the audience, many of whom felt Jeffries won.

On his way to the title in 1898, Jeffries knocked out Peter Jackson, the great boxer whom John L. Sullivan had refused to fight, in three rounds. This had been only the second defeat in Jackson's entire career his first loss was from a four-round fight over thirteen years earlier around the beginning of his career. Jackson retired shortly afterward.

Jeffries defeated the formidable Mexican Pete Everett by knockout in only the third round on April 22, 1898.

His next fight was against the Irishman Tom Sharkey. The fight went the full twenty rounds and Sharkey was knocked down in the eleventh round. Jeffries won the decision.

After defeating the big, fast-moving, sharp-jabbing Bob Armstrong, Jeffries had earned the right to challenge for the World Heavyweight Championship.

On June 9, 1899 in Brooklyn, New York he defeated Bob Fitzsimmons by KO in the eleventh round to win the Heavyweight Championship of the World. That August, he embarked on a tour of Europe, putting on exhibition fights for the fans. Jeffries was involved in several motion pictures recreating portions of his championship fights. Filmed portions of his other bouts and of some of his exhibition matches survive to this day.

World Heavyweight Champion Edit

In his first title defense, he won a twenty-five-round decision in a rematch over Tom Sharkey.

Jeffries set the record for the quickest KO in a Heavyweight title fight ever, which was 55 seconds against Jack Finnegan in his second title defense.

His next defense was against the former Heavyweight Champion and legendary technician, James J. Corbett. Corbett had put up a perfect defense and could have arguably won had the fight gone the distance. However, Corbett was knocked out cold from a left to the jaw in the twenty-third round of the scheduled twenty-five round fight.

Jeffries later got the chance to avenge his controversial draw with Gus Ruhlin when he defended his title against him on November 15, 1901. Claims that Ruhlin quit during the fifth round are incorrect. All of the local next-day San Francisco sources agree that Ruhlin's manager, Billy Madden, threw in the towel to retire Gus during the one-minute interval between the fifth and sixth rounds.

An example of Jeffries' ability to absorb punishment and recover from a severe battering to win a bout came in his rematch for the title with Fitzsimmons, who is regarded as one of the hardest punchers in boxing history. The rematch with Jeffries occurred on July 25, 1902 in San Francisco. To train for the bout Jeffries' daily training included a 14-mile (23 km) run, 2 hours of skipping rope, medicine ball training, 20 minutes sparring on the heavy bag, and at least 12 rounds of sparring in the ring. He also trained in wrestling.

For nearly eight rounds Fitzsimmons subjected Jeffries to a vicious battering. Jeffries suffered a broken nose, both his cheeks were cut to the bone, and gashes were opened over both eyes. It appeared that the fight would have to be stopped, as blood freely flowed into Jeffries' eyes. Then in the eighth round, Jeffries lashed out with a terrific right to the stomach, followed by a left hook to the jaw which knocked Fitzsimmons unconscious.

Jeffries and Corbett met one last time in the ring on August 14, 1903. This time Jeffries was in total control for all ten rounds of the scheduled twenty round bout. Tommy Ryan, Corbett's chief second, threw a large palm-leaf fan into the ring to alert Referee Graney that he should stop the fight.

Jeffries had his seventh and final title defense against Canadian Jack Munroe, whom he stopped in only two rounds.

Jeffries broke the ribs of three opponents in title fights: Jim Corbett, Gus Ruhlin and Tom Sharkey. Jeffries retired undefeated in May 1905. He served as a referee for the next few years, including the bout in which Marvin Hart defeated Jack Root to stake a claim at Jeffries' vacated title. Jeffries had never been knocked down in his prime.

Jeffries had likely fought many more bouts than twenty-two at this time. Many of his fights were lost in history. Jeffries, however, had never been defeated before his original retirement. [4]

Comeback: "The Fight of the Century" Edit

Over five years after retiring, Jeffries made a comeback on July 4, 1910, at Reno, Nevada, in a match against champion Jack Johnson, who had won the Heavyweight Championship in 1908 by defeating Canadian champion Tommy Burns at Rushcutters Bay in Australia. Burns was the first heavyweight champion to fight black challengers.

The media put pressure onto Jeffries and promoters dangled wealth in front of him to take the fight. In addition to a guaranteed purse of $40,000 (equivalent to approximately $1,111,000 in 2020 dollars [5] ), to woo the ex-champ back into the ring, promoter Tex Rickard had signed him to a $75,000 personal contract.

After a six-year lay-off, the 35-year-old Jeffries was out of shape and had lost most of his muscle. Jeffries weighed over 330 pounds (150 kg), while Johnson was in superb physical condition. The ex-champ had to lose 110 pounds to get down to his fighting weight of 226, a Herculean task in the time he had before the fight. Previous Heavyweight Champion John L. Sullivan (an ethnic Irish American who refused to fight African-American contenders) remarked during an interview with The New York Times that Jeffries' personal doctor was so amazed at Johnson's physical condition that he felt Jeffries could win only if Johnson had a lack of skill on the day. While the media instigated racist remarks about winning the title for whites, Jeffries' final words before the fight were, "I will prove that no Negro alive, can beat a white man." His wife also commented, "I'm not interested in prizefighting but I am interested in my husband's welfare, I do hope this will be his last fight." [6]

Motion picture footage on YouTube of Jeffries on the morning of the fight depicts a relaxed man playing with his dog. Ringside seats that had been priced at $50 were being scalped at $125 each (equivalent to approximately $3,472 in 2020 dollars [5] ). More than 1,000 spectators who were unable to get seats in the sold-out arena climbed over the walls to enter.

Before the fight, which was scheduled for 45 three-minute rounds, famous boxers who had traveled to Reno to witness the contest were introduced to the crowd, including Sam Langford, a black boxer who was unable to secure a title fight, even from Jack Johnson. The greatest applause went to Jake Kilrain, who had battled John L. Sullivan back in the bare-knuckle days.

At three minutes to one P.M., Johnson entered the ring (his contract provided that he would always be first to enter the ring, to satisfy a superstition of his). The thermometer read 110° Fahrenheit, which meant the match would be even more brutal due to heat. Jeffries soon joined Johnson in the ring. Rickard served as referee. (Johnson and Jeffries could not agree on a referee, and Rickard's publicity-minded offers to President William Howard Taft and writer Arthur Conan Doyle to serve as referee were declined. Rickard took the position although he had never refereed a prize fight before.)

In the first three rounds, the boxers sparred to feel each other out. Johnson, having read that no one could tie Jeffries up on the inside due to his power, told the press that not only would he do so, but that he planned to neutralize Jeffries' power by twisting his arms behind him. Toward the end of the fourth round, he did just that, pinning Jeffries' arms in back of him for a moment, but Jeffries broke the clinch. Johnson landed a solid overhand right to Jeffries' head just before the bell.

Johnson began dominating the fight in rounds five through twelve, as his opponent faded in the heat and from Johnson's onslaught. The heat began to get to Johnson, too, by round 13, but he was still the stronger and younger man in the ring. Toward the end of that round, he delivered a right and a right uppercut to Jeffries' head that took their toll. In the next round, Jeffries eluded Johnson, who stalked him all over the ring.

In round 15, Johnson went after Jeffries and caught him against the ropes with a right upper-cut, followed by three left uppercuts that sent the ex-champ to the canvas for the first time in his career. He could no longer put up a defense and, as Jeffries got up, Johnson hit him with a left hook that sent him to the canvas and through the ropes, putting his torso outside the ring. Helped to his feet by one of his seconds and a fan, as soon as Jeffries was back in the ring he was rushed by Johnson, who knocked him down again with a right to the head. As Rickard moved in to separate the fighters, Jeffries got up, but his manager had entered the ring to stop the fight and save his fighter from being knocked out. Johnson retained the title by a technical knockout.

Johnson later remarked that he knew the fight was over in the 4th round when he landed an uppercut to Jeffries' face and saw the look in his eyes. "I knew what that look meant," he said. "The old ship was sinking." John L. Sullivan commented for The New York Times after the fight that Johnson won deservedly, fairly, and convincingly:

The fight of the century is over and a black man is the undisputed champion of the world. It was a poor fight as fights go, this less than 15-round affair between James J. Jeffries and Jack Johnson. Scarcely has there ever been a championship contest that was so one-sided. All of Jeffries much-vaunted condition amounted to nothing. He wasn't in it from the first bell tap to the last …. The negro had few friends, but there was little demonstration against him. (Spectators) could not help but admire Johnson because he is the type of prizefighter that is admired by sportsmen. He played fairly at all times and fought fairly. … What a crafty, powerful, cunning left hand (Johnson) has. He is one of the craftiest, cunningest boxers that ever stepped into the ring. … They both fought closely all during the 15 rounds. It was just the sort of fight that Jeffries wanted. There was no running or ducking like Corbett did with me in New Orleans (1892). Jeffries did not miss so many blows, because he hardly started any. Johnson was on top of him all the time. (Johnson) didn't get gay at all with Jeffries in the beginning, and it was always the white man who clinched, but Johnson was very careful, and he backed away and took no chances, and was good-natured with it all. … The best man won, and I was one of the first to congratulate him, and also one of the first to extend my heartfelt sympathy to the beaten man. [7]

In his later years, Jeffries trained boxers and worked as a fight promoter. He promoted many fights out of a structure known as "Jeffries Barn", which was located on his alfalfa ranch at the southwest corner of Victory Boulevard and Buena Vista, Burbank, California. (His ranch house was on the southeast corner until the early 1960s.) Jeffries Barn is now part of Knott's Berry Farm, a Southern California amusement park.

Seven years after suffering a stroke, Jeffries died on March 3, 1953, in bed at his home with his niece Lillian Bull. Bull had been living with Jeffries as his housekeeper and he had instructed her to call a doctor. Jeffries died before the doctor arrived. The doctor, William M. Nethery, attributed his death to a heart attack caused by coronary thrombosis. [8] His body was interred in the Inglewood Park Cemetery in Inglewood, California.

Today, the legacy of Jeffries is widely forgotten. However, he was once considered one of the greatest Heavyweight Champions of all time by many fellow boxers and boxing experts: [9] [10]

    , Willie Ritchie and Tommy Burns, former Light Heavyweight, Lightweight and Heavyweight Champions, respectively, rated Jeffries as the greatest heavyweight. said of Jeffries, "The thing the always impressed me was the speed the youngster had, and he weighed two-hundred-twenty-five pounds. I hold that Jeffries was the greatest Heavyweight Champion of them all."
    , the great fighter who fought from lightweight to heavyweight, advertised to fight any man in the world, except Jim Jeffries.
    , heavyweight top contender, thought that Jeffries would have beaten Jack Dempsey and Joe Louis on the same night. He said Jeffries was strong like a bull and quick on his feet like a cat. Sharkey called Jeffries the greatest fighter of all time.
    , the only man to beat Jeffries, stated in an interview with Ring Magazine that he thought Jeffries was the greatest. In another interview, Johnson said Jeffries would beat both Jack Dempsey and Joe Louis. However, in turn, Jeffries said after their bout: "I could never have whipped Johnson at my best. I couldn't have hit him. No, I couldn't have reached him in 1,000 years." [11]
  • Jack Dempsey, the great Heavyweight Champion, once said: "Jim Jeffries was a tough gun. If we could have gotten in the ring together, each at our best. I probably would have had my chin knocked off."
    , who managed both Jim Jeffries and Jim Corbett, remarked about Jeffries: "There was never a man fitted anatomically, physically, and temperamentally for the role of World's Heavyweight Champion."
    , founder of Ring Magazine and The Ring Record book, described Jeffries: "One of the most formidable fighting machines the prize ring ever produced."
    , fight manager for forty years, who saw them all, rated Jeffries as the all-time best. Morgan called Jeffries a "Champion of Champions".
    , famed sportsman and promoter, held the view: "Big Jim will always live in my memory as the greatest heavyweight boxer of his time. While he reigned supreme, he gave all a chance. He did not know the meaning of the word fear."
  • W. W. Naughton, sports writer of the day, records: "To sum up his qualities of ringsmanship, it may be said he is fairly talented in every branch of self-defense. He boxes cleverly, defends himself well, and strikes a hard blow. But back of all these are the qualities which have made him a champion, magnificent strength and wonderful endurance."
  • Dewitt Van Court, boxing instructor and athletic director of the Los Angeles Athletic Club wrote: "I was with James J. Jeffries when he first started to box. I was with him when he won the Championship. I was with him when he lost it. Besides being the greatest Heavyweight Champion that ever lived, he is today and has been all his life, a man among men, a true friend with a heart as big as his body."

The city of Burbank embedded a small bronze plaque in the sidewalk at the site where James Jeffries died. The plaque was located on the southeast side of Buena Vista

150 yards south of Victory Boulevard, before being stored at Burbank City Hall, and now is located at the Gordon R. Howard Museum. [12]

James J. Jeffries was elected to the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1990.

The Virginia Politician

Following his military service, Monroe embarked on a career in politics. In 1782, he became a delegate in the Virginia Assembly and the following year was chosen as a Virginia representative to the Congress of the Confederation, America’s governing body from 1781 to 1789.

In 1786, Monroe married Elizabeth Kortright (1768-1830), the teenage daughter of a New York merchant. The couple had two daughters and a son who died as an infant.

While in Congress, Monroe supported the efforts of fellow Virginia politician (and the future fourth U.S. president) James Madison (1751-1836) to create a new U.S. constitution. However, once written, Monroe felt the document gave too much power to the government and did not sufficiently protect individual rights. Despite Monroe’s opposition, the Constitution was ratified in 1789, and in 1790 he took a seat in the U.S. Senate, representing Virginia.

As a senator, Monroe sided with Madison, then a U.S. congressman, and Jefferson, then the U.S. secretary of state, both of whom were against greater federal control at the cost of state and individual rights. In 1792, Monroe joined forces with the two men to found the Democratic-Republican Party, which opposed Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804) and the Federalists who were fighting for increased federal power.

Team Rocket Is Boring, But James Is Still The Best Character In Pokemon History

Team Rocket is a pretty boring villain in Pokemon, but James is still the best character in the entire series.

Team Rocket is fine, at best. I was enamored with them as a kid, but as we were introduced to the brilliantly stupid Team Aqua and Team Magma in Gen 3, or forced to deal with the more nuanced approach of Team Galactic in Gen 5, it became starkly apparent that Giovanni’s ragtag band of thugs just weren’t that intriguing. It’s no wonder that after their boss makes a run for it at the end of Gen 1 that Gen 2’s Team Rocket quickly descends into sheer, unbridled chaos. World domination? Nah, let’s chop off some Slowpoke tails.

But Team Rocket serves a totally different purpose in the anime. While the game represents the institution as an operation staffed by an abundance of buffoons, Team Rocket’s presence in Ash Ketchum’s adventures usually appears in the form of its most infamous trio: Jessie, James, and Meowth. All three of these characters are more fleshed out than the vast majority of major NPCs in mainline Pokemon games, although James is by far the best of them - in fact, he’s probably the most well-written character in all of Pokemon.

For those of you who haven’t watched Pokemon for a minute, James’ origin story is fascinating - particularly when you consider the absence of proper origin stories for a huge amount of the series’ other characters. Born to rich parents, James was matched with a suitor at a very young age. Unfortunately, Jessebelle - who is not the same character as Jessie, but is, in fact, her doppelganger - saw their arranged marriage as an opportunity to coerce James into obeying her every command. James, sick to death of high society nonsense and terrified of spending his entire life with Jessebelle, runs away from home, leaving his Growlithe - affectionately known as Growlie - behind. To this day, Jessebelle shows up once or twice a season to try and marry James, who runs approximately one million miles in the opposite direction.

I may be wrong, but I don’t think Jessie and James’ first meeting is properly documented in the show. We know they went to school together, where they got atrocious grades, and we know that they were part of a biker gang. Jessie fit into the gang pretty well, but James’ upbringing meant he wasn’t necessarily cut out for this kind of lifestyle. He actually had to put training wheels on his otherwise cool bike, which led to some of the more vocal members of the group affectionately referring to him as “Trainer James” or “Little Jim.” Somewhere along the way, Jessie and James had a falling out, although we’ve never found out why, or what about. All we know is that they both chose to join Team Rocket independently of one another, and, after being paired to work together, eventually overcame their differences. Now they’re best friends forever. And no, I refuse to say they are together in that way , despite what one obscure manga page might try to imply.

With all of the above in mind, we can paint a pretty decent picture of who James is by the time we meet him in the anime. He’s an ex-rich kid who left his fortune behind for a life of crime that he’s not properly equipped for. Sure, James goes along with some pretty not-so-nice schemes, but he never does anything truly abhorrent. If anything, I think James just hangs out with Jessie and Meowth so he’s not on his own - whenever he’s faced with making the choice between a good deed or a bad one, he tends to opt for the former. I’m thinking of Off the Unbeaten Path, an episode that sees James emerge victorious from a Pokemon Orienteering competition. Despite having sworn to steal Ash’s Pikachu after a botched attempt at robbing a Pokemon Center at the beginning of season one, James gives Ash - his supposed enemy - some fruit. Not the most intimidating move for a villain who is occupying a position of temporary authority after winning a contest.

James winning this contest raises a fascinating point. Despite blasting off again at the end of most of his anime appearances, James is an exceptionally talented trainer. He rarely evolves his Pokemon and tends to mostly opt for Grass, Poison, or Psychic types. Still, he competes in - and does genuinely well in - a variety of different contests and competitions throughout the series. I think a lot of people are willing to forget that he reached the quarter finals of the Alolan Pokemon League using nothing but a Mareanie. He was only knocked out when he came up against Gladion, king of the edgelords, who proceeded to be crowned as runner-up (this is the same League that Ash won, by the way - I tried out his League-winning team in competitive Pokemon and it’s pretty good!)

Outside of battling, James also does pretty well in the kind of contests we got to participate in back in Gen 3’s Ruby & Sapphire. Honestly, I would love for these to come back - I spent a lot of time as a kid blending PokeBlocks and designing perfect movesets at the Move Tutor to take the ribbon for every single category. I was pretty disappointed to see how short-lived this type of minigame was in the long run.

Anyway, back to James: after Jessie is unable to compete in a contest, James pretends to be “Jessilina” and wins in her place. This whole sequence says a lot about James. He impresses the judges in the Performance Stage using knowledge he obtained from growing up with high culture, while the Battle Stage clearly shows his strategic abilities when it comes to competitive Pokemon. Despite going up against Dawn, who is an ostensibly better trainer, James uses his wits to garner a cheeky victory. It’s a clear display of how much James is willing to do for his found family, as well as how quietly talented he is. The element of this that most illuminates his character, though, is the fact that just like he gives Ash some fruit after winning the Pokemon Orienteering competition, he gives Jessie his prize from this other contest.

Again, I think just being here is its own reward for James - there’s a clear contrast between him leaving material items behind and seeing them as inherently valueless thereafter. It’s not the best mindset to have when you’re supposed to be a criminal, but it’s probably why the Team Rocket trio that chases Ash never actually strays too far into villainous territory. They’re more like annoying friends than dangerous enemies, and I think a lot of that can be attributed to James being able to see the good in people and quietly act on it. He’s also not afraid to act in a louder fashion, either - during the Gloire City Pokemon Showcase Master Class, he cheers for Jessie so chaotically that the people around him actively feel uncomfortable. I don’t think James even knows anybody else is there - he’s laser-focused on supporting his pals, even if they say they’ll treat him to a meal and dump the very expensive bill on him later that same day.

This aspect of James’ character is coherent with how he operates as a trainer, too. He’s not even remotely villainous when it comes to training Pokemon, and regularly gets upset when Giovanni makes him return whatever he’s caught at the end of each season. Also, James has only ever properly battled one of the Pokemon he’s caught - he either rescued or befriended the rest. Hell, he rescued the same Mareanie twice after it got annoyed at him and ran away. He also took a full-powered Tackle from his Inkay after it got brainwashed by a malicious Malamar, and instead of getting annoyed at it, he gave it a croissant and reminded it of the fact they were supposed to be mates. Once things are back to normal, James tries to sneak off without saying goodbye to Inkay because he thinks it looks happy with other wild Pokemon. Inkay chases him down, berates him, says it wants to travel with him, and James, crying, says, “OK, if you’re sure.” He is literally the least villainous bad guy ever. I think that’s why he always gives into the Magikarp salesman’s sleazy ploys. Coupled with his complete disinterest in material gain, it makes sense that James takes useless and potentially mistreated Pokemon from an evidently shady grifter for extortionate prices - he’s probably just subconsciously trying to save them. He even teamed up with Ash one time to battle Jessie and Meowth, his own partners, because there were trying to steal his nan's Pokemon.

I also like that all of James’ Pokemon regularly show him physical affection, but the fact that they’re mostly Grass or Poison types means that this actually hurts him. Cacnea hugs him and drives spikes into his neck in the process. Carnivine, who James rescued as a boy, literally bites James’ head. Victreebel full-on swallows him whole, while Mareania poisons him. Because he knows they’re just trying to be nice and don’t actually mean to hurt him, James doesn’t berate them. He just continues to allow them to do this and treats them just as well as ever.

If you’re still not convinced that James is the best character in Pokemon history, consider this: he can also fly a helicopter and has “drunk enough soda pop to float an aircraft carrier.” Checkmate.

Timeline of the development of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation


1740 – Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation was officially recommended for drowning victims by The French Academy of Sciences, (French: Académie des Sciences) in Paris.

1767 – The Society for the Recovery of Drowned Persons became the first organized effort to deal with sudden and unexpected death.


1891 – Dr. Friedrich Maass performed the first equivocally documented chest compression in humans.


1903 – Dr. George Crile reported the first successful use of external chest compressions in human resuscitation.

1904 – The first American case of closed-chest cardiac massage was performed by Dr. George Crile

1954 – James Elam was the first to prove that expired air was sufficient to maintain adequate oxygenation

When was CPR invented?

1956 – Peter Safar and James Elam invented mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.

1957 – The United States military adopted the mouth-to-mouth resuscitation method to revive unresponsive victims.

1960 – Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was developed. The American Heart Association started a program to acquaint physicians with close-chest cardiac resuscitation and became the forerunner of CPR training for the general public.

1963 – Cardiologist Leonard Scherlis started the American Heart Association’s CPR Committee, and the same year, the American Heart Association formally endorsed CPR.

1966 – The National Research Council of the National Academy of Sciences convened an ad hoc conference on cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The conference was the direct result of requests from the American National Red Cross and other agencies to establish standardized training and performance standards for CPR.

1972 – Leonard Cobb held the world’s first mass citizen training in CPR in Seattle, Washington called Medic 2. He helped train over 100,000 people the first two years of the programs.


2003 – ProCPR launches online CPR course for the first time.

2008 – Hands-Only CPR (or Compression Only CPR) is introduced as a way to get bystanders to provide compressions if they have witnessed an arrest. The goal here is to get people involved.

The Truth Behind Those Rumors That James Hewitt Is Secretly Prince Harry's Dad

This is Prince Harry, AKA Henry Charles Albert David, fifth in line to the British royal throne, and youngest son of Prince Charles and Princess Diana:

But due to the fact that people love themselves a conspiracy theory, Harry's paternity has been called into question over the years by people who believe that his real father is Princess Diana's riding instructor, a man named James Hewitt. AKA this handsome gent:

Conspiracy theorists often point to the fact that both Harry and Hewitt have red hair, and also the fact that they look, ummmmm, basically the exact same. So let's unpack this thing, shall we?


It's a fact that in 1986, just two years after Prince Harry was born, Princess Diana started an affair with Hewitt the Horse Whisperer&mdashwhich went on for five years. Princess Diana herself admitted that she and Hewitt had an affair during a BBC Panorama program in 1995.

Meanwhile, Hewitt mused in an interview, "It was never her intention to fall in love with me, and it was certainly not my intention to fall in love with Diana, but it happened because of the circumstances throwing us together. [. ] It's very difficult to say how physical she wanted the relationship to become. And I'm not going to suggest one way or the other whose fault it was, it developed and it was mutual."

If you're in need of more receipts, meet Diana's former body guard Ken Wharfe&mdashwho wrote in his book Diana: Closely Guarded Secret that "The pair usually met at an old cottage in Devon belonging to Shirley, Hewitt&rsquos mother, where the creaking bedroom floorboards told the story more loudly than any confession."

For what it's worth, Hewitt and Diana seemed very much in love, and the man himself says that they dreamed of being able to spend the rest of their lives together before breaking up after news of the affair worked its way into the media. "Although neither of us said anything I think both of us realized the situation was impossible," Hewitt explained. "It was more and more obvious to me that she wanted to finish the relationship. it just fizzled out."


Please prepare your eyeballs because everything you thought you knew about Prince Harry's parentage is about to be called into question.

Exhibit A: Here is Hewitt playing polo at age 33 in 1991 (the exact same age that Harry is today) and Harry playing the game last year.

Exhibit B: By comparison, here's Prince Charles playing Polo, also in his thirties:

Exhibit C: This is Prince Harry and Hewitt side-by-side sporting very similar facial features:

Exhibit D: And this is Prince Harry side-by-side with Prince Charles:


While the royal family generally lives by the motto "never complain, never explain," there have been concerted efforts to shut down rumors about Harry's parentage over the years.

1. In 2002, Hewitt told the Sunday Mirror, "There really is no possibility whatsoever that I am Harry's father. I can absolutely assure you that I am not. Admittedly the red hair is similar to mine and people say we look alike. I have never encouraged these comparisons and although I was with Diana for a long time I must state once and for all that I'm not Harry's father. When I met Diana, he was already a toddler."

2. In 2002, Diana's bodyguard Ken Wharfe wrote in his book Diana: Closely Guarded Secret, "The malicious rumors that still persist about the paternity of Prince Harry used to anger Diana greatly. The nonsense should be scotched here and now. Harry was born on 15 September 1984. Diana did not meet James until the summer of 1986, and the red hair, gossips so love to cite as proof is, of course, a Spencer trait."

3. In 2017, Hewitt went on an Australian TV show and shot down the rumors yet again, saying, "It's worse for [Harry than it is for me], probably, poor chap."

4. In 2017, Diana's butler Paul Burrell said, "I never heard any of the Royal Family discussing James Hewitt being Harry&rsquos dad because we knew the truth. It&rsquos something that&rsquos been made up. It was just because Harry had red hair, but all the Spencers have red hair."


Okay, so no, Prince Harry is almost certainly not Hewitt's son&mdashdespite the striking physical resemblance. And while their twinning vibes do have us positively shewk, please note that Royal biographer Penny Junor claimed that back in 2003 the News of The World tested Prince Harry's hair (take this with a huge grain of salt) and the test was negative. "The News of the World even had strands of Harry&rsquos hair DNA-tested in February 2003," Juror wrote. "And if Harry had been shown to be James Hewitt&rsquos son, you can be sure we&rsquod have known."

Daniel “Chappie” James, Jr. (1920-1978)

Daniel “Chappie” James, Jr. was born February 11, 1920 to parents Daniel and Lilly Anna James of Pensacola, Florida. As a young man growing up in the Deep South during the era of Jim Crow, he experienced racism first hand and resolved to overcome discrimination and to excel. James graduated from Pensacola’s Washington High School in 1937. In September 1937 he enrolled in Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. James graduated from Tuskegee with a Bachelor of Science degree in physical education in 1942. He learned to fly at Tuskegee as well and completed Civilian Pilot Training during his senior year. It was also in Tuskegee that James met his wife Dorothy Watkins. They were married on the Tuskegee campus on November 3, 1942.

Having shown great skill as a pilot, James obtained a job at Tuskegee as a civilian instructor for the Army Air Corps Aviation Cadet program. He trained other pilots until January 1943 when he entered the cadet program himself. James was commissioned as second lieutenant in the Army Air Corps in July 1943. During the next six years he completed fighter pilot combat training as well as bomber pilot combat training and was stationed at various bases in the United States.

James’ first assignment outside the United States came in September 1949 when he was assigned to Clark Field in the Philippines as the flight leader for the 12th Fighter-Bomber Squadron, 18th Fighter Wing. But it was in 1950, when hostilities broke out in Korea, that he first experienced combat. Between July 1950 and July 1951 he flew 101 missions over Korea and became part of the first generation of jet combat pilots.

James returned to the U.S. after his year in Korea and over the next two decades rose quickly through the ranks of the United States Air Force. He graduated from the U.S. Air Command and Staff College in 1957. James returned to combat during the Vietnam War and flew 78 missions between 1966 and 1967. In 1969, he was given the command of Wheelus Air Force Base in Libya. One year later, in March 1970, James was promoted to Brigadier General and became the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense and assigned to the Pentagon. James was promoted to Lieutenant General in 1974 and was assigned to Scott Air Force Base in Illinois as Vice Commander of the Military Airlift Command.

On September 1, 1975, Daniel James, Jr. became the highest ranking black officer in the history of the United States military when he was named Commander of the North American Air Defense Command (NORAD) in Colorado and promoted to the rank of Four-Star General. He would retain this command until his retirement on February 1, 1978. General James, a member of Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, died less than a month later on February 25, 1978.

Organized Basketball

As the game of basketball spread throughout the country and the world, teams began forming at places like the YMCA. Outside of the YMCA clubs, several basketball leagues also began to form. The first professional league was formed in 1898. It consisted of 6 teams and was called the National Basketball League. The league was eventually abandoned in 1904.

There were also organized teams that played exhibition games, traveling from town to town and often playing the same team or local organized teams. It was similar to how a circus often traveled from town to town performing for the local spectators. The Original Celtics were one such team.

The Original Celtics were considered the “fathers of basketball”. They traveled from town to town playing games and were considered world champions of basketball. They were not related to the NBA’s Boston Celtics. They were popular from 1922 – 1928 well before the Boston Celtics were founded in 1946.

The Rens (also known as the New York Renaissance of Harlem or the Big Five) were the first all African American basketball team. The team was formed in 1923 and they were often the opponents of the Original Celtics. They were one of the best teams of the era and won the first national basketball championship, the World Professional Basketball Tournament in Chicago.

There were a number of professional basketball leagues through the years, but in 1946 the Basketball Association of America (BAA) was founded and in 1949 it merged with the National Basketball League (NBL) and became the National Basketball Association or NBA. The NBA continued to grow and is the most popular professional basketball league in the world today.

Colleges began to field teams as early as 1893. They typically played against YMCA and other community teams. The first game between two colleges was played in 1895 between Hamline University and Minnesota A&M. In 1905 the Basketball Rules Committee was created for college basketball. This was later absorbed into the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) which formed in 1909. The popularity of college basketball grew exponentially after the first NCAA Basketball tournament was played in 1939.

While the game of basketball was gaining steam in the United States, Europe was taking note, fielding teams and playing games against American clubs. By 1932 FIBA, or the International Basketball Federation, was created to coordinate and organize international tournaments. FIBA was instrumental in the inclusion of basketball in the 1936 Berlin Olympic Games. The U.S. National team took the gold medal in basketball’s Olympic debut.

Our History

1920’s Auburn Police Force, photo taken in front of the Town Hall First Badge – Auburn Police Dept 1940 Chief’s Badge 1940 Patrolman Badge
1940’s Auburn Police Station on Vine Street 1940’s era Blue Mass at Saint Josephs Church, Auburn 1945 – Re-election for Constable Ernest R. Arnold 1955 APD Cruiser / Ambulance – Officer Munger Sgt Morris O’Brien
1956 Dodge Seirra Police Wagon in front of the Police Station on Vine Street 1957 – Worcester Telegram & Gazette – 5 policemen hired Patrolman Roy Anderson 1968 – Rookie Officer fresh out of the US Air Force
1969 – APD Officers 1969 – Far Left, Patrolman John Gonyea, Far Right Patrolman Carl Johnson 1969 – APD Officers 1969 – APD Officers
1969 – Auburn First Radar Gun 1969 – Typewritter Bust 1971 – Patrolman Ray Proctor 1972 – Sgt Thomas A. Mancuso
April 23, 1975 – First Motorcycle Unit Patrolman Robert Stuart Patrolman James Brennan Sergeant Edward Sullivan – 1979
Auburn PD – Southbridge Street Auburn PD – Southbridge Street Sergeant Edward Sullivan working the desk 1983 – Auburn Police
Funeral Procession for Officer Stephen Lukas End of Watch 01/01/86 Dedication of Patrolman Stephen A. Lukas Memorial Highway 1989 – Police Cadet Brian Kennedy Patrolman Carl Johnson featured in the Telegram & Gazzete 1991
Officer Donna Fisher in the new K5 4ࡪ Police Blazer Patrolman Brian Lauzon Patrolman Michael C. Jedrzynski Chief Ronald Miller
Chief Ronald Miller being interviewed by Victoria Block, Channel 7 News, Boston er Mark Bruso, Chief Ronald Miller, Officer David Groccia Officer Brian Kennedy with Officer Jay Johnson Officer Brian Kennedy
Officer Andrew Sluckis, Trooper David Wilson and Officer Mark Bruso in the Background Officer Paul Almstrom Officer John Kelleher and Officer Erik Snay “PROUD” Officer Jeffrey A. Lourie
Officer Erik T. Snay, Processing in the Booking Room Sgt Richard Mills along with Reconstructionist MSP Trooper David Wilson er Brian Kennedy & Officer Paul Lombardi, Charity Football Game Graduation Ceremony Officer Tod Hammond and Officer Kenneth Charlton
2001 – Officer Rick Rossi Detective Eric K. Dyson Sr, Arson Investigation 2006 – Officer James Lyman and Detective Eric Dyson – Arson Investigation Chief William Stone
September 27, 2008 Graduation of Officer’s John MacLean, Stephanie Segur, Bryan Porcaro, Joseph Padden and Anthony Donahue Worcester Police Officer Timothy Segur badge pinning of sister Stephanie 󈬴SS” Sgt’s Kenneth Charlton, Richard Mills and Lt. Mark Maass, Attending the Graduation Ceremony, MSP Academy 2013 – Detective James R. Lyman Jr. Plowing out the historic snow storm “Nemo”
School Resource Officer Brian Kennedy Officer Luis Santos Officer James Ljungren and Officer cp30 Explosive Detection Canine Officer “Tuff”
Officer James Ljungren and Canine Officer “Tuff” 2014 – Officer’s Heath Picard and Matt Laskas fireworks detail 2014 – Liquor Law Violation Sting, serving to minors – Chief Andrew J. Sluckis Jr. & Det. Sgt. Richard S. Mills at Selectmans Meeting Sergeant Jay Johnson Last Day on the Job !!
Sgt. Jay Johnson – Retirement Party and Making Mends with AFD Life Saving Award, Officer Brian Kennedy presented by Detective Eric Dyson at the MCOP Convention, 2014 APD 3-11 shift 1980’s – Reserve Officer Joseph Ruby, Sgt William Perron , Sgt Dennis Johnson and Officer James Brennan 2015 – Detail season starts up in the Town of Auburn on Rte 20, Officers Courchain and Tarentino
2015 – APA 5K Run with Officer’s MacLean and Chipman with Boston Strong hero “Carlos Arredondo” 2015 – MA Elks Assoc. President Mark W. Cronin, Officer Daniel Dyson, Officer Brian Kennedy, Officer Luis Santos and MA Elks Assoc. Public Safety Coordinator Sean McArdle. 2015 – Officers Brandon Starkus, Daniel Lamoureux, Gregg Wildman, Anthony Donahue paying respect for NYPD Officers Wenjian Liu and Rafael Ramos 01/01/2016 – Patrolman Stephen A. Lukas 30th year anniversary wreath ceremony presented by Detective James R. Lyman Jr.
01/01/2016 Patrolman Stephen A. Lukas Memorial with Officer’s Luis W. Santos & Tod J. Kuchnicki Officer Ronald Tarentino Jr. May 22, 2016 – E.O.W. “Tarentino Strong” 2016 – Officer Randall Hawley
08/24/2016 Lieutenant Todd Lemon swearing in ceromony with family 11/29/2016 Sergeant Justin Starkus swearing in ceromony 04/29/2017 Officer Keith Chipman 05/06/2017 – U. S. Parks Police Mounted Unit introduces their newest horse “Tarentino Strong”
2017 – Auburn PD representing during Police Week DC 2017 – Detective Sergeant Richard Mills press release – Suspect Found With Gun, Drugs in Vehicle Following Chase 06/01/2017 – Tarentino Strong (aka “Tino”) is continuing his training with the US Park Police as he gets closer to being ready to serve the public. 10/26/2017 – Officers Luis Santos and John MacLean were honored by the MA Police Assoc, receiving the Medal of Merit for their actions in a felony arrest.
07/20/2018 – Today we said goodbye to the Chief’s Secretary, Cindy Granger after 32 years of service to our Department. 08/06/2018 – Penny Ryan as she starts her first day on the job as Auburn’s new Public Safety Communications Director. 09/14/2018 – 80SK Officer Steven Koopman @ SPMA8 Graduation 09/14/2018 – 82DL Officer David Ljunggren @ SPMA8 Graduation
10/31/2018 – Halloween Ride Officer Christopher Raymond 2018 – Auburn Tree Lighting with Elf, LT Harrigan, Santa, Det Lyman and SRO Kennedy 12/20/2018 – Chief Sluckis presented Officer J. P. MacLean with the Meritorious Service Medal today for actions taken during a 2017 apprehension of a fleeing felon in possession of a stolen firearm. 05/14/2019 – Ronald Tarentino III was sworn in as a part-time Dispatcher this morning. We are thrilled to have Ronnie as part of the Communications team.
06/03/2019 – Detective Chipman will replace our senior detective, Detective Vin Ross, when he retires in early August. 07/04/2019 – Fireworks Saferty by Auburn’s Finest Detective’s Chipman, Dyson and Lyman. 08/16/2019 – District Attorney Joseph Early awarding 37+ Years of Law Enforcement Merit to Detective Vincent Ross retirement ceremony. 09/04/2019 – Officer Stephanie Hayward on her promotion to Provisional Sergeant.
01/15/2020 – Officer Derek Courchaine completed his training in the collection of scientific evidence for criminal investigations at the University of Rhode Island. 2020 – COVID 19 Pandemic 6/29/2020 – Officer Tod Kuchnicki was sworn in today at town hall as Provisional Sergeant. 8/03/2020 – Newest members of the Auburn Police Department. Patrolman Tyler Bresse and Patrolman Matthew Rodwill

Watch the video: James - Getting Away With It All Messed Up (July 2022).


  1. Jennalyn

    What an amazing topic

  2. Osbourne

    In my opinion, this is relevant, I will take part in the discussion.

  3. Drago

    the Excellent Communication))

  4. Devine

    It can't be!

Write a message